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About Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute
With a coastline of about 3,500 miles, inland sources in Rajasthan and Little Rann of Kutch, and the rock salt mines in Mandi, India have possibilities of attaining a high position in salt production among the salt producing countries of the world. As is known, apart from being an indispensable item of food, salt is an important raw material for the manufacture of several heavy chemicals e.g. soda ash, caustic soda and chlorine. Besides, salt is used in food processing industries, such as fish curing, meat packing, dairy products and fruit and vegetable canning.
India had been an importer of salt for a long time as her own production was not sufficient to meet the demand. The position deteriorated further after partition, when the extensive rock salt deposits in the Punjab and the marine salt works in Sind went to Pakistan. Soon after the attainment of independence in 1947, India was faced with the problem of meeting the acute shortage of edible salt in various parts of the country. The Government set up an interdepartmental committee under the chairmanship of Shri H.M. Patel, who was then the Cabinet Secretary, to examine and report on the measures for overcoming the shortage of salt. The committee submitted several short term proposals to the Government and also recommended that a Salt Expert Committee should be appointed to investigate into the problems relating to the production, quality and utilization of salt.Central Salt Marine Chemicals Research Institute was established on 10th April 1956. It is located in Bhavnagar, Gujarat. Central Salt Marine Chemicals Research Institute does research on - Molecular sensors for selective recognition of cations/anions, Supra-molecular metal complexes, Nano crystalline dye-sensitized solar cells, Smart Materials, Green Chemistry, Recovery of precious metal ions from natural sources, Crystal engineering, Computational Study, Electrochemical / chemical value addition processes, Development of polyethylene based inter polymer membranes.