Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs) are government organizations responsible for recruiting employees to work in the Indian Railways. RRBs conduct recruitment exams to fill various positions in the railway sector. The exams are conducted based on the requirements of different railway zones across the country. In this article, we will delve into the details of RRBs, their history, functions, and the recruitment process.

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The Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs) were first set up in 1942 under the name of Railway Service Commission (RSC). The purpose of RSC was to recruit staff for the railways during the Second World War. After India’s independence, the RSCs were renamed as Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs) in 1948. Currently, 21 RRBs across the country recruit candidates for the Indian Railways.

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Functions of RRBs

The primary function of RRBs is to recruit candidates for various positions in the Indian Railways. They conduct exams, interviews, and other selection procedures to select the most suitable candidates for the job. The RRBs also have the responsibility to maintain the efficiency and transparency of the recruitment process.

Apart from recruitment, RRBs also perform other functions like:

  • Conducting examination for promotion from one category to another
  • Holding departmental examinations for Group C and D employees for various purposes such as promotion, selection to higher categories, etc.
  • Conducting the Typing Skill Test for the Ministerial and Isolated categories
  • Conducting the Aptitude Test for Assistant Station Master (ASM) and Traffic Assistant
  • Conducting the Psycho-Technical Test for the posts of Assistant Loco Pilot (ALP) and Motorman

Railway Recruitment Boards (RRBs)

Each RRB is responsible for conducting exams and recruitments for various job profiles in the Indian Railways. Candidates can apply for exams conducted by their respective RRBs based on their eligibility criteria and educational qualifications.

  1. RRB Ahmedabad
  2. RRB Ajmer
  3. RRB Allahabad
  4. RRB Bangalore
  5. RRB Bhopal
  6. RRB Bhubaneswar
  7. RRB Bilaspur
  8. RRB Chandigarh
  9. RRB Chennai
  10. RRB Gorakhpur
  11. RRB Guwahati
  12. RRB Jammu-Srinagar
  13. RRB Kolkata
  14. RRB Malda
  15. RRB Mumbai
  16. RRB Muzaffarpur
  17. RRB Patna
  18. RRB Ranchi
  19. RRB Secunderabad
  20. RRB Siliguri
  21. RRB Thiruvananthapuram

Recruitment Process of RRBs

The recruitment process of RRBs involves several stages, including eligibility criteria, exam pattern, syllabus, admit card, and result.

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for RRB exams vary depending on the job profile. However, the basic eligibility criteria for all RRB exams are as follows:

  • Nationality: The candidate must be an Indian citizen.
  • Age Limit: The minimum age limit is 18 years, and the maximum age limit varies based on the job profile.
  • Educational Qualification: The educational qualification also varies based on the job profile. However, a minimum of a 10th pass certificate is required for most positions.

Exam Pattern

The exam pattern of RRBs also varies based on the job profile. However, the common exam pattern for most exams is as follows:

  • Computer Based Test (CBT): The exam is conducted online, and consists of multiple-choice questions (MCQs).
  • Negative Marking: There is a negative marking of 1/3rd marks for each wrong answer.
  • Duration: The duration of the exam varies based on the job profile. However, it ranges from 90 minutes to 120 minutes.
  • Sections: The exam consists of different sections, including General Awareness, Mathematics, General Intelligence and Reasoning, and Technical Abilities (for technical job profiles).


The syllabus for RRB exams also varies based on the job profile. However, the common topics covered in most exams are as follows:

  • General Awareness: Current Affairs, Indian History, Geography, Indian Polity, Economics, etc.
  • Mathematics: Number System, Simplification, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, etc.
  • General Intelligence and Reasoning: Analogies, Classification, Coding and Decoding, Puzzle, Data Sufficiency, etc.
  • Technical Abilities (for technical job profiles): Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics, Civil, etc.

Admit Card

Candidates can download their admit card from the official website of the respective RRBs. The admit card contains details like exam date, exam center, roll number, etc. Candidates must carry a printout of the admit card and a valid ID proof to the exam center.


The RRBs declare the result of the exam on their official website. Candidates can check their result by entering their roll number and other details. The result contains the candidate’s score, cutoff marks, and other details.

How to Apply for RRB Exams?

Candidates can apply for RRB exams online by visiting the official website of the respective RRBs. The application process includes registration, filling the application form, uploading the required documents, and paying the application fee. Candidates must carefully read the instructions before filling the application form.

Job Profiles in Indian Railways

Indian Railways offers various job profiles for candidates with different educational qualifications and skills. Some of the popular job profiles are as follows:

Non-Technical Popular Categories (NTPC)

NTPC includes various non-technical job profiles, including Clerk, Typist, Traffic Assistant, Goods Guard, Commercial Apprentice, etc.

Group D

Group D includes various job profiles, including Track Maintainer, Helper, Porter, Pointsman, etc.

Junior Engineer (JE)

JE includes job profiles like Junior Engineer (Civil), Junior Engineer (Mechanical), Junior Engineer (Electronics), etc.

Senior Section Engineer (SSE)

SSE includes job profiles like Senior Section Engineer (Civil), Senior Section Engineer (Mechanical), Senior Section Engineer (Electronics), etc.

Preparation Tips for RRB Exams

Preparing for RRB exams requires dedication, hard work, and a well-structured study plan. Here are some tips to help candidates prepare for the RRB exams:

Know the Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Candidates must know the exam pattern and syllabus of the exam they are appearing for. It helps them prepare effectively and efficiently.

Create a Study Plan

Candidates must create a study plan and follow it strictly. It helps them cover all the topics and revise them before the exam.

Practice Mock Tests

Candidates must practice mock tests to get an idea of the actual exam. It helps them analyze their performance and identify their strengths and weaknesses.

Focus on Time Management

Candidates must focus on time management and try to solve the questions within the given time limit.

Stay Motivated and Confident

Candidates must stay motivated and confident throughout the preparation. It helps them stay focused and perform well in the exam.

Advantages of Working in Indian Railways

Working in the Indian Railways offers several advantages, including job security, good salary, and additional benefits like medical facilities, travel concessions, etc. Here are some of the advantages of working in Indian Railways:

Job Security

Working in Indian Railways provides job security as it is a government job. Once a candidate gets selected, he/she is assured of a job for a lifetime.

Good Salary

Indian Railways offer a good salary to its employees, which increases with experience and promotions.

Additional Benefits

Indian Railways also offer additional benefits like medical facilities, travel concessions, housing facilities, etc. These benefits make working in Indian Railways more attractive.

Opportunities for Growth

Indian Railways provide various opportunities for growth and career advancement. Employees can apply for promotions and get promoted to higher job profiles.

Diverse Job Profiles

Indian Railways offer diverse job profiles for candidates with different educational qualifications and skills. Candidates can choose a job profile that matches their interests and skills.


What is the age limit for RRB exams?

The age limit varies based on the job profile. However, it is generally between 18 to 32 years.

What is the educational qualification required for RRB exams?

The educational qualification varies based on the job profile. However, candidates must have a minimum qualification of 10th or 12th pass.

How can I prepare for RRB exams?

Candidates can prepare for RRB exams by knowing the exam pattern and syllabus, creating a study plan, practicing mock tests, focusing on time management, and staying motivated and confident.

What are the job profiles in Indian Railways?

Indian Railways offer various job profiles, including Non-Technical Popular Categories (NTPC), Group D, Junior Engineer (JE), Senior Section Engineer (SSE), etc.

What are the advantages of working in Indian Railways?

The advantages of working in Indian Railways include job security, good salary, additional benefits like medical facilities and travel concessions, opportunities for growth, and diverse job profiles.

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